House Museum Carlos Gardel
El Museo Casa Carlos Gardel
735 Jean Jaurés Street, Abasto, Buenos Aires

Jean Jaurès era un revolucionario francés. Que "coincidencia" que Gardel eligió comprarse su casa en la calle que lleva su nombre.

Official Page / Pagina Oficial

The museum officially opened on: June 24, 2003
68'th anniversary of Gardel's death

El museo fue inaugurado oficialmente el 24 de junio de 2003 en el 68 aniversario de la muerte de Gardel.

"La casa de la calle Jean Jaurés es baja, antigua y no arreglada con mucha simetría (...) el dormitorio, un cuarto arreglado pero muy modesto, con una camita de bronco muy angosta (...) varios austeros retratos familiares de respetables antepasados con uspecto de hombres de trabajo quo velan gravemente su sueño."
La Nación, 30 de junio de 1929

Gardel Museum Inaugural Invitation
Invitation to the official opening of Gardel Museum
Sent to me by Silvestre Byrón
See also:

Gardel frente a su casa. Coloreada por mi.

The residence of Carlos Gardel

Main entrance to Gardel's restored house as
 it appeared on March 10, 2003.
On the left side of the double door frame is the
famous "CG" monogram

and his mother from 1927-1933.
The almost restored house museum opened for one preview day to media and public on Thursday, March 6, 2003, in numbers which exceeded all expectations. Everyone wanted to see inside the house for themselves, including throngs of reporters and general population. There were great festivities with the multitude filling the streets, and the tango pairs dancing late into the night. - Angel Yonadi, March 8, 2003.

These photos of Gadel's restored house were graciously provided by Mr. Horacio Galli (March 7-12, 2003). He owns and has for sale a very rare, gold, monogrammed, cigarette case, which belonged to Gardel. Even though the official opening of the house is in June of this year, Mr. Galli was given permission to take the photos so that they could be posted on this site. Here is his description of the house:
The house has been almost completely restored. It is a typical house of the Abasto district: low, narrow and large (where the old Abasto market used to be, and which supplied the produce for Buenos Aires. In its place, there is now a big Shopping Center).

The house is entered via the original double door and a passage way, reaching a hallway which opens up to a patio and one of the rooms. Further along are three bedrooms (including Gardel's), kitchen and Berthe's ironing room. All the rooms have an exit to the patio. In the patio, which is partly covered by a glass skylight, there is a stairwell to the second floor, housing the museum office and a cafeteria.

The museum was officially opened on June 24, 2003, 68th anniversary of Gardel's death. It was bought by the Argentine businessman Eduardo Eurnekián for about $US160.000 and donated to the City of Buenos Aires. For further information, call: 4516-0941/2.

Full front view of Gardel's restored house.

Side view of the house

Front view

The patio, looking towards the front of the house and the main entrance. 

Este es el amplio living de la casa de Carlos Gardel.
Aporte: Alfredo Carlos Dighiero. Oprimir sobe la foto para ampliarla.

Left photo: Stairwell to the second floor museum office and cafeteria.
Right photo:
From the ante room, visible from the street, one can see three bedrooms, including the one used by Gardel.
Gardel's bedroom. The brass bed head and foot boards. On the left is a rack with 
Gardel's scarves and a bow tie. On the wall mural is a 1929 newspaper description of Gardel's house:

Murals from some of the walls. On another one, it is written:
El mito suele ser considerado como algo legendario, que transcurre en un pasado de ficción, pero mientras permanezca el rito que lo celebra, éste permanecerá inalterable, presente, vivo como en el momento de su gestación. Recrear el espacio y el tiempo de Gardel no persigue otro fin que sostener su vivencia en el presente, para quienes lo recuerdan y para aquellos que aún no lo conocen.

Una mejor foto de Gardel en su casa con sus escobas. Del libro "Archivo Gardel" por Enrique Espina Rawson.
The kitchen with an insert of another of its corners.
The mural speaks Gardel's words: "The most modest stew made by her hands is  worth more and is more flavourful than the most expensive dish made in the best hotel in the world."

Parte de la cocina que usaba la Señora madre del cantor Bertha Gardes.
Aporte: Alfredo Carlos Dighiero. Oprimir sobe la foto para ampliarla.

An old iron such as Gardel's mother Berthe could have used. Before Gardel became famous, 
she worked as an ironing woman (planchadora).
Este era el escritorio de Carlos Gardel en su clasica radio-capilla y la maquina de escribir. 

Otra foto de su estudio y escritorio

Aporte: Alfredo Carlos Dighiero. Oprimir sobe la foto para ampliarla.

There are many souvenirs for sale such as photos, monograms, cigars, round boxes, etc.
Insert: Gardel's "CG" monogram stickers and rings.

Left: The main hall used for temporary exhibitions
Right: The second floor cafeteria where the visitors can take a break
(C) Nacion Line, March 12, 2003

Among the collectors who loaned their Gardel memorabia to the museum are: 
Bruno Cespi, Héctor Lucci y Hamlet Peluso– and the Casa del Teatro. 

Among Gardel's personal belonging on loan to Gardel museum are: assorted combs, brushes, a hook for undoing his shoe laces without the need for bending down and a shoe horn. All of these items are monogrammed. These personal belongings were rescued from the Medellin airplane crash and show burn marks. Owned by: Casa del Teatro Argentina.

Gardel's personal object rescued from the Medellin fire

Here are all the places where Gardel lived with his mother Berthe

1890-1893 4 Canon D'Arcole Street, Toulouse, France
Gardel was born in the house on no. 4 rue du Canon d'Arcole in Toulouse
France. The dedication plaque attached to the house in March 1997 
March 11, 1893 Carlos and Berthe Gardes arrive at Buenos Aires in the Portugese steamer Dom Pedro.
1893-1904 162 Uruguay Street. Just after arriving from France, 
they live here together with Berthe's French friend, 
Anaïs Beaux and her husband, Fortunato Muñiz.

A number of other well-known Argentines lived in this house: Tita Merello, Luis Sandrini and Elsa O'Connor. 

1904-1914 1553 Corrientes Street
1914-1920 1714 Corrientes Street
1920- 451 Rodriguez Peña Street
-1927 137 Rincon Street
He ocassionally sings at the famous "Café De Los Angelitos" which is only a block from his home. It was in the Café de los Angelitos where one night of 1917, Mauricio Goddart, Artistic Director for Odeón, signed up already famous duet Gardel-Razzano, which then debuted for Odeón on the record with Cantar eterno y El sol del 25.
1927-1933 In 1927, Gardel bought the 1920's house at Jean Jaurés 735 in Abasto in which he lived with his mother until Nov. 7, 1933 when he took a trip to Europe from which he would never return. Anaïs and Fortunato Muñiz continued to live in the house with Gardel's mother until their death in 1939. Gardel's mother found herself terribly alone so Armando Defino, Gardel's lawyer and his family moved in with her. Doña Berta lived at this house until 1943, the year she passed away. Definos continued to occupy the house until 1946 when Armando sold it to one of his tenants in 1949. The house passed to various owners and in the 1960's, it served as a tango bar (tanguería). Most of the walls were demolished to make it into a more spacious place but this put into danger its structural integrity. The house was scheduled for demolition but was bough in 1996 by industrialist Eduardo Eurnekian, who donated it to the city in 2000. The house restoration was completed and opened for viewing on March 6, 2003. It is called Casa Museo Carlos Gardel (House Museum Carlos Gardel) and contains his personal effects and memorabilia. The museum will officially open in June. The visitors will be accompanied by Gardel's music. 
At the said home, Carlos Gardel is interviewed by a journalist, who wrote this note, published on Sunday June 30, 1929 in the article: SUCCESSES, MEMORIES AND DISCRETION OF CARLOS GARDEL 

Gardel in his house on Jean Jaurés 735 in Abasto The house on Jean Jaurés street is low, old and is not dotted with much symmetry. It consists of a hall, rather a patio, great, ample, cold, with three guitars, two trunks, a phonograph and pair of tall boots, perhaps because in Europe they will seem more native. The dining room table is completely covered with clothes, hats and other clothing articles in colorful disorder. And the dormitory: a neat room, but very modest one, with a very narrow bronze bed and, on the walls nothing of the artists, neither admiring screen heroines nor of the admirers. Several austere family photos of respectable ancestors with aspect of working people, who guard their dream seriously. When seeing richly dressed Carlitos, youthful, carefree, they imagine that he has an idle life and uses his time in spending the money that falls to him from the sky. It is true, he certainly, spends, entertains, and gives the impression of a happy man. But we cannot even suspect on the amount of work he does during the hours we do not see him. He himself finally added:

"People do not understand what I do, they think that I make the money without doing anything. And I do make it, it is certain; I make a lot, but work many hours of the day. So that they realize, this figure is enough: I get to record twenty songs each month. In addition to the recording, which in that form has to be almost daily, taking into account the instrumentation, the combination of guitars, the modifications that should always be introduced, so that the song and the instruments work well, and it will be visible what is my life; very pleasant, I cannot complain, only about the continuous work." (Buenos Aires, June 30, 1929). 

A paragraph of an interview with Carlos Gardel in 1930, signed by journalist Mario Dillon and published in the Sintonía magazine. 

"When I need peace, tranquility, and calmness..., when many parties and much entertainment have tired me, I come to see my dear old mother and at her side recover my strength... And is that in Buenos Aires, ché, the life is hard for someone who knows that the life is short and that a day lost cannot be regained... And aside from all that, no friends, neither loves, nor parties, nor glory, nor triumphs, nor horses, nor anything of the sort, compares to my mother!... Most modest food made with her hands is worth more and is more flavorful than most expensive of plates at the best hotels in the world... The applause of the public is very pleasant... but what is it worth next to the kind words of my mother?"

In a paragraph of the Sintonía magazine, Gardel says this of the house and his mother: 

"When I live in Buenos Aires I do it in house of my dear old mother. All the gold of the world cannot take care of you like your mother, ché. My mother, ché, all the afternoons, wakes me up with mate tea. I give the great hotels to you at the side of that. That house on Jean Jaures street is my mother's house, not mine. I have the project to buy a house in Niza for my mother and me. The climate is ideal for her and I will make sure that it has all the comforts. The houses are cheap there. This is a project, which we are studying. I have wonderful moments with my mother, she is very well, and I got to know a family which I never had thought possible, all of them very good and most amiable people." (Gardel is referring to his family in Toulouse).

“En Jean Jaures 735 suena el timbre. Berta sale de la cocina y abre la puerta. Es el cantante Agustín Irusta que entra y sube hasta el cuarto que Gardel usa como estudio. Se escucha una música. "¿Qué estás escuchando Carlitos?", pregunta Irusta. "A estos giles", responde El Zorzal con una sonrisa. De fondo el sonido trae nada menos que a Enrique Caruso y Titta Rufo”.

Some of Gardel's Personal Belongings on display in the Tango museum in San Telmo

Do not forget that there is another (small) museum dedicated to Gardel:
Museo de Carlos Gardel (Casa del Teatro) Av. Santa Fe 1243 | Tel: 4813-5906/3941

Entrevista con Gardel en su casa de la calle Jean Jaurés
(Interview with Gardel in his home) Mundo Argentino, 11 de sept. 1929

As Pepe Crow, who visited Toulouse in Nov. 2002 recently pointed out, is it a coincidence that Gardel decided to buy a house on the street named after a famous Toulousian, Jean Jaurés?

Edmundo Guibourg, Gardel's very good friend, said this of his house:

Benito Villanueva's strongmen, killers and his bodyguard lived in Gardel's area. He who so loved this Buenos Aires of the suburbs, bought the house on Jean Jaurés for his mother, so she could live in the area both of them loved so much, and so that his mother could comfortably return to the corner where she worked as a laundry woman.

Gardel loved that house as much as he loved his friends, and for that, he bough it five times. When he would be on a tour, he would send money to some friend to buy the house. In return, he would receive a letter from a "reliable friend". "Sorry brother, but I made a bet and lost the money". The story repeated itself four times and every time Gardel would smile and pay. The fifth time Gardel found someone who was truly reliable and the house was purchased. 

Published in La Opinión magazine, Buenos Aires, June 24, 1975.

Side view of Gardel's house
Left: Side view of Gardel's house in the early 1960's.

Gardel in his house at 735 Jean Juares in 1931
Gardel en su casa de 735 Jean Jaurés.
La Última foto antes de que viajara a Europa en 1928 o 1932?
Detras de Gardel esta el cuadro de la foto de su abuelo Vital Gardès, (1835-1903) y padre de Berthe Gardès.

La habitacion de Gardel, Revista Cantando, 20 de enero de 1935

Gardel's house
Frontal view of Gardel's house in the 1960's

Another view of Gardel's house

1933 photos of Gardel at his house

Gardel in front of his house at Jean Jaurés 735 in 1933

Gardel in the doorway of his house

Listening to his recordings

Doña Berthe with Anaïs Beaux and Fortunato Muñiz

Doña Berthe with her best friend, Anaïs Beaux and her husband, Fortunato Muñiz at Jean Juarés 735 after the death of Gardel.

Dr. Baliñas (probablemente), Berthe Gardès, Adela Blasco y también probablemente Rosita Vacca.

Del libro: "Archivo Gardel", p. 75:

Adela y Armando Defino en la casa de Gardel en Jean Juares.

Del libro: "Archivo Gardel", p. 75:

Doña Berta, Adela Blasco (Defino), Armando Defino y Doña “Pepa” (madre de Armando, en Jean Jaurés 735.
Del libro: "Archivo Gardel".

Doña “Pepa” (madre de Armando Defino), Dr. Baliñas, Berthe Gardès, Adela Blasco (Defino) y Rosita Vacca. Armando Defino esta sentado con su perro “Blanquito”.
Del libro: "Archivo Gardel", p. 67.

Berthe Gardes, sentada segunda de izquierda con amigos

En La Casa de Carlos Gardel - Buenos Aires en 1936.

Al cumplirse el primer año del fallecimiento de Gardel, por intermedio del Señor Julio Korn, propietario de “RADIOLANDIA”, se le hace entrega a dona Bertha, de un álbum de recuerdos del ídolo… Al extremo izquierdo se encuentra Armando Defino, el representante de Gardel.

Luego del fallecimiento de doña Berta Gardes, ocurrido el de 7 de julio de 1943, la casa que su hijo Carlos Gardel le había comprado en 1926 a su viejita querida, en Jean Jaurès 735, fue puesta en venta por sus legítimos herederos, Armando Defino y su esposa Adela Blasco.

La vida de Gardel fue narrada por su madre, cuyos derechos de reproducción cedió gratuitamente.


Museo Casa Carlos Gardel

The Dirección General de Museos [Museums Office] understands that creating a new museum in the city of Buenos Aires implies emphasizing the identity and cultural heritage of our city. We consider the reconstruction and restoration of the house chosen by Carlos Gardel as his home to be a necessary task that will strengthen our history as citizens. The inauguration of the Museo Casa Carlos Gardel meets that goal.

The Gardel phenomenon is undoubtedly one of the most momentous social events of our popular history, due to both his natural relationship with Tango and the very figure of Gardel, an emblem of a common yearn. Thanks to Carlos Gardel, our Tango acquired international renown and within that context the tango song performed by Gardel became, with time, a binding factor, with indisputable national identity. His songs developed into a distinct reflection of reality, especially that lived by Buenos Aires in that time.

The Museo Casa Carlos Gardel attempts to recreate Gardel’s space and time, with the aim to maintain his experiences to the present for those who remember him and for those still do not know him.

Collection of collections

The opening exposition travels through diverse stages in the life of the legend, either directly through items that belonged to him or, indirectly through his renown in music, film, and the ongoing renditions of his work by history and popular affection.

Participants are Bruno Cespi, Hamlet Peluso, Héctor Lucci and, above all, the Casa del Teatro, owners of the “Morocho’s “leading collections.

The Film Museums “Pablo Ducrós Hicken” and “Saavedra” and the Museum of Popular Art “José Hernández” have joined the exposition with a selection of pieces, documents and furniture that supplement the reconstruction of the “Zorzal’s” time. Collector Raúl Manrupe has contributed pieces to the atmosphere of the different rooms.

This joint effort, stemmed from deep love for the figure of “Carlitos” has fulfilled a dream we have all dreamt: to remember “Morocho” here, at his home, all together.

Location: Jean Jaures 735 (Abasto)
Museum schedule: Wednesdays thru Mondays 10am. to 6 pm.
Guided tours: Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays at 3 pm.
Saturdays and Sundays: 1 pm., 3 pm. and 5 pm.
Admission $3
Residents $1
Wednesdays: admission free

Carlos Gardel evocative itinerary: Tourist route featuring all places evocative of Carlos Gardel. It leaves on Carlos Pellegrini between Corrientes and Lavalle and finishes at the Museo Casa Carlos Gardel. For information about dates and schedules call 4114-5791.

Copyright 2002 © / Buenos Aires República Argentina
Todos los Derechos Reservados

El Cronista Comercial, 14 de abril de 1997.

Multimedios América adquirió la casa donde vivió en el Abasto

Gardel se queda en Buenos Aires

Con el fin de convertirla en museo y centro cultural, Multimedios América adquirió la casa en la que vivió Carlos Gardel en el barrio del Abasto. La decisión tiene en cuenta la importancia de conservar el patrimonio histórico.

Por Osvaldo Quiroga

¨Dónde pernoctan los duendes si no es en los lugares en los que vivieron? Gardel, es cierto, vive en el alma de los argentinos. Pero las casas son símbolos y los símbolos constituyen la identidad y el patrimonio histórico de los pueblos.

¨Cómo iba a venderse al mejor postor la casa de Carlos Gardel? Aquella de Jean Jaurés 735, a metros del lugar donde solía cantar, en el corazón del Abasto. No le faltó criterio al jefe de Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, doctor Fernando de la Rúa, cuando ayer, en una conferencia de prensa ofrecida en Multimedios América, sostuvo: "Que esta empresa, encabezada por Eduardo Eurnekian, haya tomado una decisión de tanta trascendencia es un verdadero ejemplo para la comunidad".

Vale la pena preguntarse qué hubiese pasado de no mediar la intervención de América con la casa del Zorzal. A falta de legislación adecuada, sus nuevos dueños podrían haber decidido demolerla, o instalar allí una playa de estacionamiento, como ocurrió con el teatro Odeón.

"Después de habernos interesado en la vida y obra de Carlos Gardel _explicó Eduardo Eurnekian_ y de producir un film sobre su vida, un video y un espectáculo en el Cervantes, Multimedios América ha tomado esta determinación. No podíamos permitir que la casa de Gardel fuera rematada o vendida".

No es poca cosa imaginar un museo y un centro cultural en el Abasto. Ya lo soñó Antonio Berni como destino para el predio donde funcionaba el legendario Mercado. Allí, el gran pintor argentino, planeaba instalar una suerte de centro Georges Pompidou que hubiese revitalizado la zona y convertido un barrio, que hoy parece olvidado, en una fiesta para los sentidos y el pensamiento.

"Eurnekian _enfatizó De la Rúa_ ha dado una gran noticia al comprometerse con la ciudad como lo viene haciendo a través de su acción pública y periodística. Esta es una gran contribución a la idea de preservar nuestro patrimonio urbano, afirmar nuestra identidad cultural y conservar elementos de nuestra memoria. Las grandes ciudades pueden preservarse gracias a actitudes generosas como la del señor Eurnekian, que lega esta propiedad al conjunto de la sociedad. Yo conocí la casa de Gardel por dentro y hoy correría el riesgo de desaparecer si no fuese por esta operación. Se trata de una inversión al servicio de la cultura".

Manuel Mujica Lainez escribió un relato memorable titulado Aquí vivieron. Narra la historia de una casa a través de quienes la habitaron, de quienes contribuyeron a forjar su alma, sus duendes y sus fantasmas. Es verdad que las paredes no hablan, pero la memoria colectiva se forja en la tradición y la tradición es un reflejo de lo que queda y de las luchas de la memoria por dar forma a los recuerdos.

En el inmueble de la calle Jean Jaurés vivió Gardel entre 1927 y 1935. Allí compuso buena parte de su obra. Una de las habitaciones de la casa fue transformada por él en una sala de ensayo donde preparó algunas de las canciones que luego se convirtieron en éxitos mundiales.

Todo el Abasto tiene sabor a Gardel. Por la década de 1910 los cantores y los barrios competían entre sí. Cada barrio tenía sus cantores, que seducían a la gente por la pinta y por la voz. El cantor era un emblema del lugar y los trabajadores de la zona depositaban en él sueños y esperanzas. La pertenencia a un barrio no era sólo una referencia geográfica, sino que definía un estilo de vida, una identidad, una forma de presentarse al mundo. El Abasto contaba con el morocho Carlitos Gardel, que ya tenía su audiencia, y en el café de El pelado, ubicado en Entre Ríos y Moreno, se concentraban los partidarios de José Razzano.

Un día de 1911, en la casa de los Gijena, en el actual pasaje Carlos Gardel, a metros de la casa que años después compraría el Zorzal criollo, se batieron a duelo Gardel y Razzano. Pero lo hicieron a través del canto. Todo el Abasto estaba alerta. Los partidarios de Razzano se ubicaron en una de las veredas; los de Gardel, en la otra. Razzano comenzó con la cifra Entre colores y Gardel respondió con el estilo El sueño. El tiempo los convertiría en uno de los dúos más recordados de la música vernácula: Gardel y Razzano.

Anécdotas como ésta tendrán ahora un sitio preciso para evocarlas: la vieja casa de la calle Jean Jaurés. Allí, en algún rincón olvidado, la memoria de Gardel tendrá un lugar para siempre.


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Last update: July 11, 2016

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